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Historical Review

 

collage INCAPFounded on September 14, 1949, based in Guatemala City with offices in each of its Member States: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.

In the first 20 years of our history, the INCAP was developed as an institution dedicated to research in clinical nutrition deficiencies in food and nutrition.  In early 70´s, INCAP strengthened the technical cooperation programs on applied nutrition and public health programs;  community nutrition projects were developed in the 80´s. Due to social, economic and political changes in the region  by the end of the Decade of the 80´s, it was necessary to strengthen the implementation of the results of research and the rethinking of the approach to actions based on the multi causality of malnutrition, with important implications in the paradigms of the INCAP work. On this basis it was proposed in the Decade of the 90´s, the restructuring of the institutional operational work, with a strategic contraction of human and financial resources, as well as the definition of an institutional program oriented to public nutrition, with lines of action according to regional priorities and institutional policies of INCAP, developed with the active participation of the Directing and Advisory Councils, national counterparts and regional and outside advisers.

Since 1993, Member States instructs INCAP to promote food security and nutrition (SAN), which has been defined as "the State in which all persons enjoy, in a timely and permanent manner, physical, social, and economic access to the food they need, in quality and quantity, for its adequate consumption and biological utilization guaranteeing them a State of general well-being that contributes to the achievement of their development".

This initiative is closely related to the strategic orientations and program of the Pan American Health Organization, the Strategic Plan of Social Integration of the System for the Central American Integration and the Millennium Development goals and targets.

The FNS is currently identified in Central America as a key strategy for sustainable development and reduction of malnutrition and poverty in the Central American Region. Therefore, it requires a broad scope of regional and state policies comprising  a set of interrelated and interdependent actions of a multisectoral and inter-disciplinary nature as well as concerted efforts of the public and private sectors civil society.
                  

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